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Welcome to the technical sessions schedule for the 2015 SEAFWA Annual Meeting.

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Tuesday, November 3 • 3:20pm - 3:40pm
Prevalence of Six Viral and Bacterial Diseases in Wild Hogs in South Carolina (2007-2014)

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Susan R. Sullivan, William C. Bridges Jr. – Clemson University; Katherine W. McFadden, South Carolina Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, Clemson University; John J. Mayer, Savannah River National Laboratory; Patrick G.R. Jodice, South Carolina Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, Clemson Univeristy; Greg K. Yarrow, Clemson University

The wild hog (Sus scrofa) is an invasive species that can pose a serious threat to native ecosystems, the domestic livestock industry, and human health. It is estimated that wild hog damage in the United States amounts to roughly $1.5 billion each year; however, this estimate could substantially increase if wild hogs transmitted a viral or bacterial disease to the country’s domestic livestock industry. From 2007-2014, blood and nasal secretion samples were collected from 753 wild hogs in South Carolina to test for 6 selected diseases including classical swine fever, swine brucellosis, pseudorabies virus, porcine circovirus, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, and swine influenza virus all of which can be transmitted to domestic livestock. The sex, age class, and geographic location of each wild hog sampled were also recorded. Results indicate that age class was significantly associated with swine brucellosis, pseudorabies virus, and porcine circovirus prevalence. Sex was significantly associated with porcine circovirus prevalence as well. Positive swine brucellosis, pseudorabies virus, and porcine circovirus samples were found in 44.4-92.3% of counties sampled. All domestic swine operations in the United States are currently free of swine brucellosis and pseudorabies virus; however, our results suggest that wild hogs could be reservoirs of these diseases with the potential to infect domestic livestock. Because wild hogs are present in every county of South Carolina, this information is crucial to determine disease hotspots in the state and can be shared with at-risk individuals, such as hunters or farmers, and domestic livestock operations in affected counties.

Tuesday November 3, 2015 3:20pm - 3:40pm EST
Ballroom Salon A

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